Top 10 Nevada Divorce Laws You Should Know
Top 10 Divorce Laws
1. Do you have a prenuptial agreement?
When signing a prenuptial agreement, the prospective husband and wife must attach a list of their separate property and separate debt going into the marriage for the pre-nuptial to be valid. If nothing is attached, the prenuptial could become invalid and it will be as if no agreement had been created between the parties. Each party should have their own separate attorney to avoid conflict of interest issues later if ever there comes a time the prenuptial agreement needs to considered in a divorce.
2. Nevada divorce laws do not have a separate and apart statute for property and debt
Unlike California,for instance, until you are actually divorced, and with no prenuptial agreement, post-nuptial agreement, or separation agreement in place, all community income, debt and property still belong to both parties even if the parties have been physically separated for years. This means that if you separate and have no prenuptial or postnuptial agreement, you should at the least file a legal separation to protect your assets until you file a divorce.
3. Nevada divorce laws and residency.
Nevada requires that your divorce documents state that you have been an actual resident of Nevada for a minimum of six weeks before filing your divorce in Nevada. Nevada divorce laws also require that your divorce documents state that you have the intent to remain in Nevada for an indefinite period of time after the divorce becomes final.
The resident witness affidavit will state that the resident witness has seen you physically present in Nevada three to four times per week for the six weeks immediately preceding the divorce.
Residency for children when filing a divorce in Nevada. As far as residency rules when children are involved, Nevada divorce laws, as per the Uniform Child Custody Jurisdiction Act, state that Nevada has no jurisdiction over children of the marriage until the children have resided in Nevada for at least six months.
If the children have not been in Nevada for the six months period immediately preceding the filing of a divorce in Nevada, the Nevada court can’t address issues of physical custody. It will address child support, but not custody and visitation.
Even if the children issues can’t all be addressed because the children have not been here for six months, Nevada divorce laws still give the court jurisdiction over the marriage itself (provided the parent filing the divorce is a current resident) and can grant a divorce, therefore dissolving the marriage, but without addressing physical custody and visitation.
4. The Court can consider the wishes of a child of sufficient age and intelligence in determining physical custody.
However, Nevada divorce laws do not name a “magic” age when the child gets to make that decision. Some judges will give children over the age of 13 more say-so in where they live (they might meet with the child before deciding), but the Court’s standard is always the best interest of the child. This is decided on a case by case basis; it depends on the child’s ability to understand the goings-on, the parents themselves and how they feel about the situation, and lastly, how the judge feels about this particular child making this decision.
5. Nevada divorce law NRS 125B.070 provides for child support
There are maximums in Nevada for child support, based on the responsible party’s income bracket. with a maximum on the amount that a parent has to pay for child support based on income level. The amount of child support is adjustable every three years or by special motion filed with the court–such as if the responsible party loses income or if the child now lives with the other parent. In a joint physical custody case, the Court still looks at the difference in income between the parties and will still grant one of the parties child support even if physical custody is shared equally between the parties. See the document at the end of this link, which explains it very well and also states the maximum for income brackets: https://nevadadivorce.org/child_support_guidelines.pdf
6. Nevada divorce laws allow a woman the right to change her name back to her former name.
During the process of a divorce in Nevada, a woman who changed her name legally to the name of her spouse after the marriage can resume the use of the name she used immediately before this marriage, or resume her birth name. She cannot choose just any name the way she can in a name change proceeding.
7. Retirement, pensions, 401(k)s, IRAs, etc. earned during the marriage are considered community property as per Nevada divorce laws.
The division of retirement accounts often require a Qualified Domestic Relations Order to be prepared before they can be distributed in addition to the Decree Of Divorce. Each spouse is entitled to one half of each other’s retirement benefits accrued during the marriage. A Qualified Domestic Relations Order (commonly known as a Q.D.R.O.) is a procedure done separately from the divorce itself. Typically, the divorce is filed and granted, the Q.D.R.O. is created and then filed with the court where the divorce was granted and the judge who granted the divorce signs it making it valid. Typically, neither party collects on this money until retirement time. In some cases, a judge might order that a 401K or other type of retirement account be dissolved and the proceeds divided (thought this causes a huge tax penalty). This usually only happens if one or both parties have become nearly destitute due to the divorce.
8. There is no formula for alimony in Nevada divorce laws.
Unlike child support which has clear guidelines, NRS 125.150 leaves alimony to the sole discretion of the Judge. The post-divorce financial condition of the parties is considered, along with the ability to pay, length of the marriage, health and education of the parties and what occurred during the marriage. A loose rule is that the party receiving alimony would receive it for about half of the length of the marriage. It could also be granted if a spouse was a stay-at-home parent during the length of the marriage and now needs training to re-enter the workforce.
9. Property and debt after the divorce.
After the divorce, although the Court maintains jurisdiction over child support and child custody issues and alimony, the Court loses jurisdiction over property and debt issues once the divorce is granted. There is a provision in Nevada divorce law to set aside a divorce for up to six months under NRCP 60(b) for excusable neglect, mistake and fraud regarding property and debt issues. After 6 months, it’s difficult to re-open a divorce case insofar as property and debt matters, but if fraud was discovered after the six-month period and there is compelling evidence, it could potentially be reopened to re-address issues of property and debt.
10. When filing a one-signature Nevada divorce, if the Defendant lives in a different county or state, Defendant may be able to change venue.
Another option the Defendant has is to dismiss or limit the Nevada Court’s decision to just granting the divorce without matters of property and debt division being addressed.
The Nevada Court has no jurisdiction over an out of state resident for property, debt, alimony and the physical and legal custody of out-of-state children in a default divorce in Nevada. A “default divorce” means that the Defendant was served with the divorce papers and never responded. Also, if you filed in Clark County, Nevada, and Defendant resides in another county, venue can be changed to that county if Defendant demands it. Defendant has choice of venue.
This is especially true if the marital home is located outside Clark County, Nevada, and if the entirety of the marriage took place in that other locale.
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